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J Am Med Inform Assoc doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001241
  • Research and applications

Reduction in medication errors in hospitals due to adoption of computerized provider order entry systems

Table 1

Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) adoption by hospital characteristic, 2008

Characteristic With CPOE Without CPOE p Value
All acute hospitals 992 (35) 1841 (65) NA
Pediatric specialty hospitals 14 (100) (0) NA
Bed size
 Small (6–99) 389 (30) 910 (70)
 Medium (100–399) 430 (35) 795 (65) <0.001
 Large (≥ 400) 173 (56) 136 (44)
Census region*
 Northeast 173 (44) 224 (56)
 Midwest 298 (32) 633 (68) 0.001
 South 356 (36) 639 (64)
 West 141 (32) 297 (68)
Ownership type
 Public 211 (31) 471 (69)
 Not-for-profit 670 (37) 1131 (63) 0.005
 For-profit 111 (32) 239 (68)
Member of a health system
 No 452 (34) 894 (66) 0.128
 Yes 540 (36) 947 (64)
Location
 Rural 360 (28) 928 (72) <0.001
 Urban 632 (41) 913 (59)
Teaching status
 Non-teaching hospital (0 full-time residents) 705 (32) 1505 (68)
 Minor teaching hospital (between 1 and 20 full-time residents) 98 (37) 169 (63) <0.001
 Major teaching hospital (more than 20 full-time residents) 189 (53) 167 (47)
  • Values are number (%). Data in this table are aggregated only from the 2833 hospitals that provided responses to the EHR adoption database supplement questions regarding CPOE adoption.

  • *Geographic region was missing for 72 hospitals.

  • EHR, electronic health record.

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